Miscarriage Causes & Prevention

Introduction:  A pregnancy means a dream, what a plan for the unborn child. But it ended suddenly as the pregnancy was lost. This is known as abortion or miscarriage.

Doctors usually monitor women's health to identify the cause of miscarriage. But according to a recent study, men's health also plays an important role in miscarriage. According to scientists,low-qualityy sperm can be responsible for repeated miscarriages in women.

Studies have found that husbands of women who have had three or more miscarriages are more likely to have damaged DNA in their sperm. According to experts, this can be a trigger for pregnancy failure. More research is needed to confirm this finding and develop new fertility treatments.


Cause of Abortion

Scientific studies show that 70-80 percent of babies who are lost or miscarried in the first trimester have problems with the fetus. And maybe in 20 percent of cases, there is a problem in the mother's body. And if a baby is lost between 12 weeks and 28 weeks, i.e. in the second three months, then in 50 percent of cases, the baby may have a problem, or in 50 percent of cases, the baby may be losing due to some reason of the mother. And if the baby dies in the womb after 28 weeks, or if there is a premature abortion, then in most cases the problem lies in the mother's body. Miscarriage can occur for various reasons such as-

The most common cause of miscarriage is a chromosomal or structural defect in the sperm or egg.

  • Cervical incompetence or if the cervix cannot hold the fetus properly inside the uterus.
  • If the blood pressure of the mother increases a lot during pregnancy , the blood pressure of the fetus can also increase and cause miscarriage.
  • If the pregnant mother has pre-existing diabetes and it is uncontrolled, it can often lead to miscarriage.
  • If the mother is seriously ill with malaria, syphilis, measles or cholera, its germs can cause miscarriage.
  • If the mother has a thyroid problem, the development of the fetus may be disturbed and miscarriage may occur.
  • Miscarriage may occur due to fetal heart rate imbalance if the mother is under severe stress or distress during pregnancy
  • Miscarriage can occur due to severe injury to the abdomen by falling during pregnancy or due to risky travel.

Who is at risk of miscarriage ?

  • Those who have had two or more previous miscarriages.
  • If the mother's age is 35 or more. The risk of miscarriage also increases with age
  • If the mother is addicted to cigarettes, alcohol or any other drug, unwanted abortion can also occur
  • A miscarriage can occur if the mother is exposed to any harmful chemicals during pregnancy.
  • If the mother has excess body fat and the mother's body mass index is 30 or more, the risk of miscarriage is high.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome can also increase the risk of miscarriage
  • Miscarriage symptoms

Common Symptoms:

Some implantation bleeding occurs 7-10 days after conception. It's normal. The amount of this blood is very small, even less than the blood that passes during normal menstruation. However, if there is excessive bleeding, you must contact the doctor. Abnormal bleeding after conception is the main symptom of miscarriage.

Bleeding during a miscarriage is heavier than a normal period or menstruation. Abdominal pain may also occur. Sometimes there may be a fleshy discharge with blood. Bleeding is light in the beginning, but gradually increases and after that clots come out.

How to early Diagnose Miscarriage

When you Feel these kind of symptoms, Get consult with your doctor . Doctor will Suggest you ultrasound and other routine Examinationsthese kinds to detect Miscarriage 

What is the treatment after abortion?
The first thing to do after a miscarriage is to stop bleeding and prevent post-abortion infection. If a miscarriage occurs in the early stages of pregnancy, all the fetal tissue in the womb is already expelled. But if all the parts of the fetus and placenta are not removed automatically, they have to be surgically removed. However, the bleeding should be monitored even after the operation. For any reason, if the amount of bleeding increases or fever occurs, you must consult a doctor.

What are the ways to prevent abortion?
The first 3 months of pregnancy are risky. So any mother should be careful at this time. Heavy work and sexual intercourse should be avoided. If you have any previous medical history, you should tell your doctor. If you have had multiple miscarriages in the past, get a physical checkup and consult a doctor before trying to conceive again. Try to find out the reason for the previous miscarriage. Care must be taken so that the same reason does not repeat itself later. Long journeys should not be made unless necessary. Drink plenty of water.

How to eat during pregnancy to prevent abortion ?
Take folic acid, iron and calcium supplements as advised by your doctor. It reduces the baby's tendency to develop birth defects and reduces the risk of miscarriage. In addition, smoking, alcohol, caffeinated beverages such as tea, coffee or chocolate, and stress are associated with miscarriage. So they should be avoided. You have to be more careful in taking medicine during pregnancy. Because there are many drugs that cause direct harm to the unborn child. Children may be disabled, mentally retarded. Sometimes the medicine can also cause stillbirth. So one should be careful before taking medicine and medicine should not be taken without doctor's advice.

What is the responsibility of the family in this case?
A mother often feels depressed during pregnancy due to hormonal or environmental reasons. Not to mention if there is a history of previous miscarriages or stillbirths, any mishap may occur in concern for the safety of the unborn child. So at this time all the family members should always give courage to the mother and ensure the physical and mental health of the mother. Providing healthy food and full rest for the mother.

A miscarriage not only kills a child , but destroys a thousand dreams of a mother. Therefore, from the beginning of pregnancy, the mother and her family should know the causes and symptoms of miscarriage. If preventive measures are taken accordingly, no other woman's dream will be broken. As a result unwanted abortions will be avoided