Introduction: The menstrual cycle (Period Cycle) continues under the influence of two hormones named Estrogen and Progesterone in women's bodies. After the age of 40 to 45 years, this estrogen secretion gradually decreases. As a result, the amount of menstruation begins to decrease, this condition is called peri-menopause.

At this time we can understand that menopause is coming through various symptoms. For example, Irregular menstruation, Insomnia, Vaginal Dryness, Weight gain, Fatigue, Anxiety, Dementia, Decreased libido, or sexual desire.

Dryness of the eyes, face, and skin may also be noticed. Then when estrogen secretion stops altogether, menstruation also stops altogether. Menopause is the beginning of a new chapter of sour honey in a woman's life. Menopause should be understood only if there is no period for 12 months 1 in 100 women experience premature menopause before the age of 40.

Symptoms of Menopause:

  • 1) The most common symptom of menopause is hot flashes. Suddenly, it will feel like hot light is coming out from different parts of the body. Its durability is temporary. After a while, the temperature will return to normal.

  • 2) Another significant symptom is night sweats, which means that sometimes sleep can be broken at night and sweat can occur all over the body.

  • 3) At this time the women gasped very quickly. There is always a feeling of fatigue.

  • 4) Depression or mood swings and lethargy occurs.

  • 5) The mind becomes irritable.

  • 6) Restlessness or palpitation increases.

Effects of menopause

The most common problem with menopause is that the person who goes through menopause thinks that their life is over! He broke down mentally. Many people think that everything is over when they are alone. But modern women don't have time to mourn menopause anymore. So they have to get a lot of speed to adapt themselves to the physical changes of this time. And for them, it is important to know what kind of changes and problems can happen at this time and how to adapt to them. Menopause has the most damaging effect on women's bones. This is called osteoporosis (Osteoporosis) or bone loss.

Menopause causes a lack of hormones in the body, which causes bone calcium to decrease. So bones become weak. And even a minor injury or stumble can cause major damage. Bones especially around the waist and lower back become very weak. So most women suffer from back pain. Again, this hormone also protects the heart during reproductive age. Because of this, women have less heart disease. Controlling cholesterol reduces the risk of a heart attack. But with age, estrogen declines, increasing the risk of heart problems.

Irritability and depression due to menopause

The physical symptoms of menopause are quite uncomfortable, but the impact on the mind is even greater. Many women cannot accept physical changes quickly. And because of this, various types of mental problems arise. Many women begin to think that they are undesirable to their husbands and children. From there, resentment and depression are created. Short-tempered, irritable moods - these can escalate if left unchecked. Some women are also overly suspicious. Feeling helpless is the most serious symptom at this time. And due to these reasons, daily work is disturbed.

Can be done during menopause

If hot flashes or night sweats, depression, and sleep problems persist for a long time, hormone treatment can be done to get rid of them. Menopause occurs due to low or no secretion of estrogen and progesterone hormones. Most of the problems can be solved by replacing these hormones. However, it is quite a time-consuming and costly medical procedure. After thirty, women should increase the number of calcium supplements in their diet. Calcium deficiency occurs in the body due to menopause. Therefore, special attention should be paid to food at this time. And in middle age, not all kinds of food can be eaten. Therefore, the habit of eating nutritious food should be developed regularly. In addition, vitamin B complex should be taken.

Family awareness and support

In such situations, the cooperation of husband and family is very important. If the husband understands the emotional state of the wife and helps her, then the emotional instability is reduced to some extent. Talking together after a long day or going for a walk to a favorite place - is very effective in such emotional situations. Along with that, it is important to take regular doctor's advice and have regular checkups. Then one can be alerted about various physical and mental changes

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