Irregular Periods

Introduction: A woman's reproductive period is from the age of 12-13 years to 45-50 years. In other words, her body produces eggs every month during this period to conceive a child. If the egg is not fertilized by the sperm, it leaves the woman's body through menstrual bleeding. This menstrual cycle or period cycle is calculated from the first day of one cycle to the first day of the next cycle. But due to various reasons, there may be irregularity in this rule or sometimes there may be complete cessation of menstruation month after month.

The average duration of a regular period cycle is considered to be 28 days. It can change depending on the woman's body, the weather or even the month. But usually 24-38 days cycle is considered as regular period. If it is less or more or the cycle changes frequently, it is called irregular period . Irregular periods are a common problem in women . Let's find out irregularSome reasons why periods occur.

Causes of Irregular Periods

1) Puberty
At the onset of puberty, usually between the ages of 12-20, many people lack the hormones estrogen and progesterone, but periods can become irregular. Birth defects can also cause irregular periods.

2) Birth Control Pills
Married women may experience irregular periods if they stop birth control pills suddenly or change medications frequently.

3) PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
This is a known hormonal problem that affects 8-10 percent of women. As a result, the ovaries do not release eggs every month. These eggs form cysts in the ovary and accumulate around the ovary and disrupt the hormonal balance in the body. Irregular periods due to hormonal imbalance. Sometimes it can be closed.

3) Mental pressure or stress
There is a special part called hypothalamus in the brain, from which various types of hormones are constantly released. It contains some hormones, which act as effectors for menstruation in the female body. But sometimes hypothalamus does not work properly when suffering from excessive stress. As a result, the onset of menstruation is delayed.

4) Weight less or more
Excessive variation in weight affects periods. Obese women have problems with ovulation due to accumulation of fat around the ovaries. As a result, periods are not regular. At the same time, extremely poor health can also make periods irregular.

5) Thyroid problems
Thyroid gland which is located below our throat. It controls the metabolism in the body as well as regulates the internal activities of the body. Any problem with the thyroid gland can cause irregular periods.

6) Immunity
Another major cause of irregular periods is illness. When the immune system goes down, the body becomes weak, due to which the period becomes irregular.

7) Pre-menopause
Menopause usually occurs from the age of 50 or once the period stops. Menopause can sometimes start between 40 and 45 years. This is called pre-menopause. Periods are irregular during this pre-menopause period.

8) Breast feeding
Breast feeding is called natural contraceptive. Mothers who breastfeed often have periods that are off or irregular.

9) Extra exercise
Excessive exercise can make periods irregular or late. People who are racers, lift heavy weights, or otherwise regularly do strenuous exercise, may suffer from this problem. Because excessive exercise lowers estrogen levels. As a result, the period may stop

If there is no regular period, there are many problems. If it happens in one month, it doesn't happen in another month. Many people may have periods every two to three months. Sometimes there is little bleeding, sometimes more. Loss of fertility approx. Unintended pregnancy can also occur. Also at times the mood becomes irritable and a sense of uneasiness develops.

When to go to the doctor?
In general, irregular periods can occur in some cases in life. There is nothing to fear. However, in some cases, irregular periods must be consulted by a doctor, such as:

  • If periods suddenly become more irregular
  • If there is no period for three consecutive months
  • If period is in 21 day cycle
  • If the period cycle is more than 35 days
  • If the period has extra pain or very heavy flow
  • If the period is more than one week
  • If periods stop before the age of 45 or continue to have periods after the age of 55
There is nothing to worry about if the period is a little irregular at times. Many girls secretly suffer from various problems related to period day after day but do not tell anyone. As a result of which many times serious danger comes down. So if you have very irregular periods or anything seems unusual about your periods, contact a gynecologist immediately.